Handling fireworks are potentially dangerous, irrespective of the age of the user.
- Explosive types of fireworks should best be avoided.
- Children should not be allowed to ignite fireworks.
- Light fireworks away from other people or crowds.
How and Where should eye injuries be treated?
Hospital emergency rooms see and treat patients with eye injuries and provide the emergency medical care needed. Emergency room personnel and doctors will refer the patient with an eye injury to an ophthalmologist whenever complications are suspected. Ophthalmologists specialize in eye diseases and disorders and emergency treatment of eye injuries and its complications.
Following an eye injury: FIRST AID
Immediate and correct treatment can prevent or reduce loss of sight. Seek medical help as soon as possible, to determine the severity of the damage, and commence appropriate treatment without delay. An ophthalmologist or your family physician should be called immediately, or otherwise the patient should be taken to the nearest emergency department without delay.
Specks/ dust in the eye:
- The eye should NEVER be rubbed.
- The upper eye lid could be lifted and pulled over the lower eye lid so that the lower lid lashes could brush off the speck/dust from the inside of the upper lid. Blinking several times could let the eye move the object out. If it does not come out, the eye should be kept closed and medical help should be sought.
A blow to the eye:
- Pain and swelling around the eye can be reduced with a cold compress for about 15 minutes. Avoid pressure onto the eyeball during this time.
- Blurred vision or a black eye might indicate the presence of internal eye damage. Your ophthalmologist’s help should be sought without delay.
Eye lid cuts and penetrating eye injuries:
- A light eye bandage should be applied avoiding any pressure on the eyeball.
- No attempt should be made to wash the eye or remove a foreign object that is stuck into the eye.
- Avoid rubbing the eye or applying any pressure to the eye or eye lid.
- Immediate medical attention is vital.
Chemical burns / injuries:
- Flush the eye with water directly and use fingers to open the eye widely.
- Use a water tap / faucet or bottle or similar container with clean water.
- This flushing should last at least 15 minutes in a gentle but continuous way.
- Let the patient roll around the eye ball during the flushing process, to wash out the eye. An eye cup is inappropriate, and not advisable.
- Do not bandage the eye.
- Take the patient to an ophthalmologist or a hospital emergency room with out delay
- Take the empty container or label of the involved chemical container with the patient, so that identification will assist in appropriate treatment chosen.
- An eye injury necessitates immediate help and attention, especially when there is reduced vision and / or pain present. First aid given correctly can save vision or limit vision loss. Medical attention should not be delayed.
The most important treatment for eye injuries is prevention and attention given to safety practices is a vital way of saving your eyesight.