The following symptoms require a normal routine visit to your family doctor or ophthalmologist.
- Gradual deterioration of vision in one or both eyes.
- Eye/ Eyes that water constantly.
- Discharge from the eye.
- Painful eye/ eyes.
- Persistent red eye / eyes.
- Periodic blurred vision.
- Poor vision in bright or dim light.
- Floating objects, which appear to move in front of the eyes.
- A distorted pupil.
- A “white” pupil.
- Eyes that do not open or close properly.
- Eyelids that appear abnormal.
- Prominent swelling around the eye.
- Protrusion of the eye / eyes.
- Poor vision that cannot be restored to 100% by the prescription of glasses.
Children and their eyes.
- All children should undergo a routine ophthalmologic examination at 3 years of age and again just before starting school.
- Thereafter routine examinations should follow ever 5 years.
- Children under the age of 8 years should only be examined and treated by a medical doctor or by a non-medical eye care practitioner in close collaboration with a medical doctor.
- Children under the age of 8 years, with minor symptoms, may in fact have a serious eye condition, and should consult an ophthalmologist.
- Strabismus (crossed eyes) in children under the age of 8 years, may result in blindness, these children must consult an ophthalmologist.
- Children under 8 years of age may suffer Vision reduction from an incorrect pair of spectacles.
- Healthy children on a normal diet require no additional vitamins for their eyes.
Adults and their eyes.
- Up to the age of 40 you should visit your ophthalmologist every 5 years for a routine examination.
- Any person over 40 can have increased eye pressure without being aware of it in any way.
- From the age of 40 to 65 routine examinations are advised every 3 years.
- Everyone over 65 should visit their ophthalmologist every year or at least every two years.
Who and what is an ophthalmologist.
An ophthalmologist is a medical eye specialist. Ophthalmologist are thus medical doctors who have undergone further specialist training to diagnose and treat all eye diseases and dysfunctions. Should you not know your nearest ophthalmologist, kindly ask your family doctor.
Who can refer you to an ophthalmologist?
You may visit your ophthalmologist without a referral – OR:
You may also be referred by:
- Your family doctor or a general practitioner.
- Other medical specialists.
- Optometrist (tests and supplies glasses and contact lenses)
- Othoptist (assists ophthalmologist with squint cases)
- Optical dispenser / optician
- Ophthalmic medical assistant.
- Occupational therapist
- Registered nurse
Competency of an ophthalmologist
An ophthalmologist provides complete eye care and is specially trained to, inter alia:
- Detect and treat diseases that may cause blindness
- Perform eye operations.
- Treat eyes with laser equipment
- Test eyes for spectacles and supply contact lenses.